Step well or known as Baori in the Indian languages are one of the overlooked infrastructures developed in India. These step wells are mostly found in northern and western India. Step wells were developed in some parts of the country where there was seasonal fluctuation in water availability. Step wells are the example of intelligent infrastructure developed by our ancestors so that people can easily reach to the ground water however the water level low might be.
Stepwells also served as a place for social gatherings and religious ceremonies. Here are some of the most captivating step wells in India which you should visit.
1) Rani ki vav :
Situated in the town of Patan, Gujarat this intricately constructed step well is an UNESCO world heritage site. Rani ki vav or ‘The Queen’s step well’ was built in the last decade of the eleventh centaury. Measuring more than sixty-five meters in length, it is among the largest in Gujarat.
2) Chand Baori :
About 64 feet deep, it is India’s largest and deepest step wells with 13 floors and was built in the 9th century for water harvesting. Located in the village of Abhaneri near Jaipur Chand Baori was built in 800 AD by king Chanda. This step wells attracts tourists from around the globe.
3) Adlaj ni Vav:
The marvelous blend of Indo-Islamic architectural work Adlaj ni vav is five stories deep and seen as ‘water building’. The construction was started by Hindu king Rana Veer Singh of the Vaghela dynasty and later continued by Muslim king Mahmud Begada is ornamented and blended by Islamic architecture.
4) Dada Harir vav:
Bult in sand stone Dada Harir vav is five stories deep. Located in Asarwa area of Ahmedabad, Gujarat it was built in 1499 by the supervisor of Sultan Mahmud Begada’s harem. Even on the hottest day you will find deeps of the well cool. It is believed that it cost 3,29,000 Mahmudis i.e. over Rs1 lakh to build this fascinating step well in those days.