Rajya Sabha or the Council of States is the upper house of the parliament. It consists of 250 members Out of these 238 members represent the states, while the other 12 are nominated by the President of India from amongst persons with special knowledge or practical experience in the field of Literature, Science, Art and Social Sciences. The representatives of the states are elected by elected members of the State Legislative Assemblies.
In the Union Territories, which do not possess Legislative Assemblies, these members are elected by electoral college specially constituted for the purpose. The election of the members of Rajya Sabha is held in accordance with the principle of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote.